Battle Beyond the Sun is the English-dubbed, re-edited U.S. version of Nebo Zovyot, a 1959 Soviet science fiction film directed by Mikhail Karyukov and Aleksandr Kozyr. It tells of the "space race" of two future nations competing to become the first to land a spacecraft on the planet Mars.
A reporter interviews Dr. Kornev about his work in space travel. While writing his story, the reporter daydreams about such a future. In the daydream, he and others board a rocket that takes them to an orbiting space station.
There, he learns the large rocket, the Rodina, is docked at the station. A short while later, an American rocket, the Typhoon, arrives at the space station. The Soviet scientists hold a dinner for the visitors. At the dinner, Kornev announces that the Rodina will travel to the planet Mars in a few days,
The Americans, Clark and Verst, are taken aback. The Typhoon was secretly prepared to make the first Mars mission. The reckless American authorities order Clark to take the Typhoon to Mars immediately. In their haste to blast off, they injure Somov, the Rodina's pilot. Gordiienko steps in as the new pilot. He and Kornev take off in Rodina as planned. Not long after departure, things go wrong aboard Typhoon. Their course is off and they have too little fuel to correct it.
Now they are headed for an asteroid belt and if they survive that, a collision course with the sun. Clark radios the bad news. Kornev decides they can help and flies Rodina to the rescue. Doing so, however, uses too much fuel, so Rodina must land on the asteroid Icarus where they all at least get a fine view of Mars. A pilotless refueling rocket is sent to Icarus, but crashes. The men on Icarus despair. Verst awakens to see a fifth man on Icarus. It is Somov. He flew another pilotless refueling rocket to Icarus, but since it was not built as a manned spacecraft, he suffered lethal cosmic radiation and dies. The four are able to blast off and return to a hero's greeting in the Soviet Union.
Roger Corman acquired the film for US distribution and hired a young film-school student named Francis Ford Coppola to Westernize it. In addition to preparing a dubbing script free of anti-American propaganda and supervising the dubbing, Coppola filmed a few shots of two space monsters fighting and cut them into the Soviet material.
According to Jack Hill, who worked on the new version (it was his first paid job for Roger Corman), Coppola's idea was that one monster would look like a penis and the other a vagina. The new monster scenes were shot on a sound stage in Hollywood. Hill and Coppola also shot some footage of the Rose Bowl Parade at Pasadena.
The film opens with a non-sequitur prologue in which a hard-boiled narrator explains space flight concepts. Models of space craft "currently under development by the United States Government" are shown in succession. The narrator usefully explains that "the motion picture you are about to see, may be called 'a fantasy of the future.'"
The time: November 1997...in the "fear ridden years following the great atomic war." The world has been divided into northern and southern hemispheres. The two countries, North Hemis and South Hemis, are clearly analogues for the United States and Soviet Union. The camera zooms in toward the South Hemis banner.
Dr. Albert Gordon, and his wife, Dr. Ruth Gordon, currently head the top secret project 'Red Planet' for South Hemis (the footage we see is dubbed from the original Russian-Soviet; names have been Anglicized.)
A space mission – more re-purposed footage – blasts off for an orbiting space station. The mission docks with the station, delivering the Gordons, as well as "Astronaut Craig Matthews."
South Hemis has been developing a spacecraft which should be able to complete a mission to Mars. Solar and orbital conditions are favorable. Suddenly, another spaceship is detected approaching the station. It is from North Hemis. It requests permission to land for emergency repairs. The request is granted.
The two North Hemis astronauts – Captain Torrance and his co-pilot Dr. Martin – are treated to dinner by their South Hemis hosts. Dr. Gordon reveals that they themselves are about to commence a flight to Mars. The two North Hemis astronauts decide to end dinner, because "it's getting late".
Captain Torrance confers with his superiors in North Hemis. He wants to preempt the South Hemis flight to Mars with their own mission. Meanwhile Dr. Martin meets with Doctor Gordon to discuss both missions. The North Hemis astronaut refuses to divulge any information about the North Hemis plan. Captain Torrance says "I cannot accept defeat." He disconnects from his North Hemis superiors and barges in on the meeting between Dr. Martin and Dr. Gordon. Outside in the corridor, Captain Torrace decides to proceed with the flight to Mars anyway. "Our repairs may not hold up," says the other man.
They decide to commandeer their rocketship – the Typhoon – under cover of trying to repair it. They blast off at full power. Craig Matthews – the South Hemis astronaut – is caught in the rocket back blast and is injured. Meanwhile, the Typhoon sets course for Mars.
Craig Matthews is diagnosed with a concussion and cannot go on a pursuit mission after the Typhoon. Dr. Gordon will go with another South Hemis astronaut.
Ths mission launches. Meanwhile, the Typhoon encounters a meteor storm, and its course veers dangerously close to the sun. The ship is disabled. The South Hemis ship locates them and eventually intercepts. The other astronaut effects an EVA transfer of the two North Hemis astronauts. The South Hemis ship abandons the Typhoon to space.
Now the South Hemis ship is low on fuel and cannot reach Mars. Dr. Gordon decides to land on the asteroid Angkor which orbits Mars (Mars in reality is orbited by two planetoid moons, Phobos and Deimos.) The ship successfully lands on the asteroid. A brief insert shows a vague form in the shadows behind a rock formation. It roars: a monster.
Meanwhile, back at the space station, the South Hemis superiors decide to send a fuel rocket to Angkor. This will allow the stranded rocket to re-fuel and return home. The fuel pod is successfully launched. Dr. Gordon and his team appear to gain remote control of it, but something (solar radiation?) interferes with its guidance system and it crashes into the asteroid, exploding.
South Hemis decides to send a second, manned, fuel rocket to the asteroid. Astronaut Craig Matthews will pilot the flight. The fuel pod successfully makes the journey and lands on Angkor. Matthews must leave the ship in order to rendezvous with Dr. Gordon and his stranded team. As he makes his way across the craggy asteroid surface, he encounters two monsters in combat. He continues toward Dr. Gordon's stranded rocket, but collapses and dies. It is understood that he conveyed the whereabouts of the landed fuel rocket. Dr. Gordon and his team can return to Earth.
The rocket launches. It passes the space station and returns to Earth, landing at an offshore platform. Adoring throngs of people (composed from more re-purposed Soviet footage, including some insert shots from the Pasadena Rose Bowl Parade) greet them with exuberant admiration. Boats are launched to pick up the team. They return to shore. Dr. Gordon is reunited with his wife, and they embrace. Children present them with flowers.
Dr. Gordon and his team did not make it to Mars, but they have set the stage for further exploration of space sometime in the near future.
The Overlook Film Guide: Science-Fiction, remarked: "(One) remains impressed with Corman's cheek and financial astuteness than with the finished film."